There is no specific legislation prohibiting domestic violence and no indication that comprehensive legislation addressing all forms of gender-based violence is in place.
The male-to-female sex ratio at birth in 2013 is 1.053 and for the working age population (15-64 years old) is 0.99. 
Women in the Congo have access to land through three main channels: i) matrilineal or patrilineal filiations (most often, the head of the lineage is a man and the filiation patrilineal, but the head of lineage can choose to allocate the land to a woman); ii) marriage (at the husband’s request, the head of the lineage may allocate land to the wife); or iii) rent and purchase.Overall, women’s land holdings are limited. According to the government’s 2010 report to CEDAW, women produced approximately 90% of food products for household consumption. In 2002, the government reported that women accounted for 60% of the agricultural workforce, but own only 25% of agricultural land – usually in small holdings.
The Congolese Constitution upholds women’s right to freedom of movement and access to public space, including the ability to get a passport in the same way as a man, and the ability to travel outside her home, and the country, in the same way a man is able to. However, the law provides that in the event of disagreement between spouses, the husband has the right to decide the domicile of a married couple. The threat of violence also poses an obstacle to women’s freedom of movement.
 World Bank (2013a)  CEDAW (2002a), p. 132  CEDAW (2010), p. 19  CEDAW (2010), p. 11  The Quota Project (2012)  Union Inter-Parlementaire, 2012, http://www.ipu.org/wmn-f/classif.htm (accessed 04/06/2014)  CEDAW (2010), p. 29  ILO (2010)
World Bank (2013b) Global Financial Inclusion Database, http://databank.worldbank.org/Data/Views/reports/tableview.aspx (accessed 16 September 2013).